Tantangan di hadapan Raja Salman

Tantangan di hadapan Raja Salman

Sesaat setelah meninggalnya raja Arab Saudi, Abdullahpertengahan bulan ini, raja baru, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud pun segera dilantik. Banyak tantangan di hadapan raja baru ini untuk mempertahankan kekuatan dan stabilitas di dunia Arab yang sedang menghadapi krisis terparah dalam beberapa dekade terakhir ini

Di bidang politik dalam negeri, tantangannya adalah mengamankan suksesi agar bisa berjalan mulus tanpa ada kasak kusuk yang dapat mengancam kedudukan di antara sesama anggota keluarga Al Saud. Keputusan Raja Salman mengangkat Mohammed bin Nayef, salah satu cucu Ibnu Saud, sebagai Deputi Putra Mahkota mencerminkan hal tersebut.

Sepekan setelah ia naik takhta ia juga mengganti beberapa pos penting dalam pemerintahan, seperti jabatan kepala intelijen, kepala Dewan Keamanan Nasional, gubernur Mekkah, gubernur Riyadh, dan beberapa pejabat agama senior. Para pengamat politik mengatakan bahwa apa yang dilakukan Raja Salman ini adalah reshuffle terbesar yang pernah terjadi dalam sejarah Kerajaan Arab Saudi. Bahkan ruang lingkupnya bukan hanya menteri, tapi juga beberapa jabatan penting di lembaga-lembaga yang strategis.

Perombakan yang cukup menarik perhatian adalah digesernya dua anak Raja Abdullah sebagai Gubernur. yaitu Pangeran Faishal bin Bandar bin Abdul Aziz sebagai gubernur Riyadh akan menggantikan Pangeran Turki bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, dan gubernur Makkah Pangeran Misyal bin Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz dicopot dan digantikan oleh Pangeran Khalid bin Faishal bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, sekaligus sebagai penasehat raja.

Di bidang politik luar negeri tentu saja sangat menarik untuk mencermati bagaimana Raja Salman akan menyikapi hubungan Arab Saudi dengan AS yang selama ini digambarkan oleh para pengamat seperti hubungan perkawinan dalam agama Katholik yang tidak mungkin bercerai terutama dalam berbagai isu penting seperti masalah Iran, Arab Spring, Al Qaeda, ISIS, sampai soal Suriah. Kunjungan Presiden AS Barack Obama dan istri serta delegasi besar bipartisan AS dalam rangka takziah meninggalnya Raja Abdullah sangat kuat merefleksikan hal tersebut.

Memang dalam beberapa isu di atas, Raja Abdullah menampakkan kekecewaan dengan ketidaktegasan AS misalnya dalam menghadapi Presiden Bashar Al Assad di Suriah, kasus penurunan Hosni Mobarak di Mesir, dan dalam program nuklir Iran. Sebelumnya Raja Abdullah dikenal lebih tegas (assertive) bersikap kepada AS. Bagaimana dengan Raja Salman?

Arab Saudi sekarang ini dalam posisi tergencet antara ISIS yang sangat agresif di utara dan Al Qaeda yang berbasis di Yaman di sebelah selatan. Pesawat tempur Saudi telah bergabung dengan serangan udara di bawah pimpinan AS, namun hal ini sangat tidak populer di sebagian kalangan rakyat Arab Saudi.

Raja Salman juga menghadapi tantangan tidak ringan dalam menyikapi gejolak di Yaman, tetangga terdekatnya. Yaman saat ini dalam ancaman pecah dengan makin menguatnya gerakan Houthi yang berlatarbelakang Syiah. Dalam pemerintahan Raja Abdullah, Arab Saudi memainkan politik regional dua jalur yaitu dengan meredam pengaruh Iran sekaligus membatasi politik Islam Sunni yang secara ideologis dipandang dapat mengancam kekuasaan dinasti Al Saud.

Di bidang ekonomi, Raja Salman mewarisi peninggalan Raja Abdulah berupa meningkatnya kekayaan ekonomi Arab Saudi lima kali lipat dari hasil minyaknya. Ketika Arab Spring mulai bergejolak, Raja Abdullah menggelontorkan 130 milyar USD untuk proyek-proyek pembangunan dan kesejahteraan domestik guna meredam gejolak dalam negeri. Apakah formula yang sama akan diambil oleh Raja Salman?.

Rendahnya harga minyak saat ini telah menimbulkan defisit anggaran Arab Saudi dari 15 milyar USD di tahun 2014 dan diproyeksikan menjadi 54 milyar USD di akhir tahun ini. Dengan harga minyak saat ini yang di bawah 50 USD per barel, Deutsch Bank memperkirakan bahwa harga minyak harus kembali ke posisi 104 USD per barel agar defisit itu bisa tertutupi. Sehatnya ekonomi Arab Saudi akan sangat diperlukan oleh Raja Salman untuk menghindari tuntutan, protes dan perlawanan yang telah menimbulkan gejolak di negara-negara tetangganya seperti Suriah, Irak dan Yaman.

Di tengah banyaknya tantangan berat itu dunia tentu mengharapkan Raja Salman dapat membawa Arab Saudi sejahtera dan maju serta berkontribusi positip bagi perdamaian dan keamanan di kawasan Timur Tengah dan dunia.

This article originally appeared in : Tantangan di hadapan Raja Salman | merdeka.com | Reporter : Mudzakir Amdjad | Minggu, 1 Februari 2015 12:44


READ MORE - Tantangan di hadapan Raja Salman

Why Irina Shayk decided to end her relationship with Cristiano Ronaldo

Why Irina Shayk decided to end her relationship with Cristiano Ronaldo - When asked what she looked for in a man earlier this week, newly single Irina Shayk replied cryptically: "I love honest men and I love a man who is loyal to women".

It was revealed last month that the 29-year-old Russian supermodel had split from her boyfriend of five-years, footballer Cristiano Ronaldo, over the Christmas season. HELLO! online can now reveal that it was Irina who took the painful decision to suddenly end the relationship on New Year's Eve at the couple’s home in Madrid after confronting the 30-year-old Real Madrid striker.

Why Irina Shayk decided to end her relationship with Cristiano Ronaldo
Irina Shayk pictured this week attending the Sports Illustrated Swimwear 2015 party

"She was in shock and completely devastated," a close friend told HELLO! online. “It wasn't a decision she took lightly."

The friend added: "She then left immediately and spent New Year's Eve crying alone in the airport before flying to the Maldives, where she spent her birthday alone."

It was an abrupt ending to one of the celebrity world's most glamorous – and seemingly solid – partnerships. Irina had also embraced her role as 'stepmother' to the Portuguese footballer’s son Cristiano Jnr, who was born shortly after the couple first got together in 2010.

Irina took the difficult decision to end the relationship, a friend of the model has said

"Irina always chose to stand by her man," the friend told HELLO! online. This time, however, it appears she had a drastic change of heart.

"There was no way around it as the truth was staring at her in the face," her friend added. "After much thought and consideration, she felt she couldn't ignore the signs." Following her decision to split, Irina immediately unfollowed Ronaldo on Twitter and deleted all personal images of the couple on her Instagram account. Instead, she posted pictures of herself in the Maldives "to show the world she had moved on alone".

The model spent her birthday in the Maldives

She was forced to put out a statement earlier this month that she had not snubbed Ronaldo's mother's 60th birthday party. Her spokesperson said at the time: "She has been very close to his family throughout their relationship. Any negative rumours about Irina’s and Ronaldo’s family are completely false and have not been a factor in the cause of the split."

The close friend told HELLO! online: "Irina worked to gain the respect of his family, including going on holiday with them. She was mindful to rarely comment on her private life with him amd never wanted to use his fame to her advantage."

The stunning model pictures in New York this week

Speculation that the couple's relationship was over first surfaced after Irina missed the footballer's third Ballon d'Or win in Zurich on 12 January.

The friend also dismissed claims that Irina had enjoyed a romance with Hollywood star Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson during filming of the movie Hercules. "She has never had a romantic relationship with Dwayne," the friend said.

Irina, who has remained tight lipped about her split from Ronaldo, revealed her perfect Valentine's Day date at a Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Models party in New York this week:

"A lot of food, expensive bottle of champagne, because I'm Russian. Chocolate and a cool movie – yesterday I saw Pretty Woman and that felt like Valentine's for me. It was really nice."

She admitted she didn't have any special plans for the day but joked: "Not yet but you know, maybe it's going to come up."

This article originally appeared in : Why Irina Shayk decided to end her relationship with Cristiano Ronaldo | hellomagazine.com | 13 FEBRUARY 2015 


READ MORE - Why Irina Shayk decided to end her relationship with Cristiano Ronaldo

Insomnia That Kills

A woman and her husband are racing to find a treatment for her deadly genetic sleep disorder before symptoms set in.

Almost everyone has had at least one night where it’s been impossible to fall asleep. But Sonia Vallabh dreads those nights more than most. For her, insomnia is more than an inconvenience—it’s the first sign of the deadly disease that she and her husband, Eric Minikel, have dedicated their lives to studying. 

Called fatal familial insomnia, or FFI, it’s an extremely rare genetic disease that causes progressively worsening sleeplessness. Difficulty sleeping soon turns into total insomnia, causing rapid physical and mental deterioration and, inevitably, death—within a year, usually sooner. 

“It’s an unbelievably swift and brutal way to die,” said Vallabh said. 

Insomnia That Kills
Alyssa L. Miller/Flickr 

Four years ago, she watched helplessly as her mother hovered in a twilight state—stuck somewhere between wakefulness and sleep—before dying at age 52. 

“She was just lucid enough to know something horrible was happening to her,” Vallabh said. At the time, neither Vallabh nor the doctors—who were unable to come up with a diagnosis—knew much more. 

Just months before her death, she said, her mother had been seemingly healthy, helping Vallabh and Minikel plan the details of their wedding. Shortly after the ceremony, though, Vallabh began to notice that “something was just off.” "It’s an unbelievably swift and brutal way to die."

“In the beginning, my mom’s symptoms were vague: speech disturbances, memory problems, small errors in judgment. She was losing weight without trying.” Vallabh recalled. 

Over the next few months, Vallabh said, her mother deteriorated rapidly: “She couldn’t walk or talk or feed herself. She became deeply paranoid and fell into a profound dementia. She went on life support, and died a few weeks later.” 

Vallabh’s mother’s illness remained a mystery for several months after her death, until a piece of tissue taken from her brain tested positive for a mutation in a gene called PRNP that is known to cause FFI. Results from an autopsy had also concluded that FFI was a possible cause of death. 

“Nobody even for one second suspected fatal familial insomnia, because there’s no sign of neurodegenerative disease in the family,” Vallabh said. There are 28 families worldwide who have the gene for FFI in their bloodlines. Most of them have pedigrees marred by inexplicably premature deaths. 

FFI is what’s known as a prion disease, a family of rare progressive neurodegenerative disorders that also includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or Mad Cow Disease. In people with FFI and similar diseases, mutated proteins called prions trigger normal proteins in the brain to fold abnormally, destroying brain cells and leaving the brain filled with sponge-like holes. But unlike Mad Cow, which can be acquired by ingesting contaminated beef, FFI is genetic. Children of a parent with FFI have a one in two chance of inheriting a mutated PRNP gene. 

Just months after her losing her mother to the disease, Vallabh decided to get herself screened. “Once I knew I was at risk, there was no turning back from the knowledge,” she said. 

She, too, harbors the gene, and will almost certainly develop and die from FFI unless treatments are developed that slow or stave off the disease’s progression—and soon. The average age of onset for FFI is 50; Vallabh is 30. 

“We didn’t seem to be in a position to do anything about it. The fact that my mom died undiagnosed seemed, to us, the final word on the disease,” Vallabh said. To prepare themselves for what lay ahead, she and her husband began to research the condition. 

But as the couple started learning more about FFI and other prion diseases, they slowly became more hopeful. Scientists were looking into treatments, they discovered—which meant that maybe, just maybe, it was possible to change Vallabh’s fate. 

“We read everything we could about it, from Wikipedia to scientific papers. We badgered our friends who were scientists. We stayed up discussing what we had learned about the disease that day,” Minikel said. “There was much more research going on, and much more known about prions, than Sonia or I had assumed.” 

Vallabh, a Harvard-trained lawyer, began sitting in on science classes at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Soon, she left her job in consulting and took a job as a lab technician at the Massachusetts General Hospital’s Center for Human Genetic Research. Minikel, an MIT-educated urban planner, followed soon after. He quit his job as a software engineer and took a job in the same division of Mass. General, analyzing genetic data from people with Huntington’s disease. In September 2014, the couple enrolled in a doctoral program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences at Harvard Medical School. 

“To really help move the field forward, it was obvious to us both that we had to commit to being the best scientists we could be, to really immerse ourselves in research,” Minikel said. “There just aren’t enough hours in the day to work full-time and then come home and study prion diseases all night.” 

“In the beginning a lot of people asked us, ‘Are you guys sure you want to change careers? Are you sure you want to think about this all the time?’” Vallabh added. “As we started doing science as our day jobs, it became clear that thinking about this disease at the molecular level or the research level is very different from thinking about your mortality 24/7.” 

Joel Watts, an assistant professor of biochemistry who oversees a prion disease-research lab at the University of Toronto, met the couple back in 2012 at a conference for prion researchers. Their story, he says, has also been a powerful motivator. 

“We study molecules and mice, and not a lot of us get a chance to experience dealing with patients, or potential patients as in Sonia’s case. As scientists, sometimes we get a little bit detached from the big picture,” he said. “They’ve been very successful in rallying the field as a whole to get with it and work together. FFI is a huge tragedy for Sonia and Eric, but their involvement with this disease in certainly a blessing to prion research.” 

Minikel has already made an important contribution to the scientific literature on prion disease: He developed a computational method that disproved the widely held belief that in a family with genetic prion disease, each successive generation will fall ill about seven to 14 years earlier than the last. (The phenomenon, which geneticists call “anticipation,” is common in other genetic disorders.) The analysis was published in October 2014 in the American Journal of Human Genetics. 

“It might not have been a pressing research question for most scientists, but it was an important distinction and, quite honestly, a huge relief for us,” Minikel said. 

The couple is far more interested, though, in research that will lead to the development of new treatments that could potentially save Vallabh’s life. 

In 2013, through Prion Alliance, the research organization that Vallabh and Minikel founded, the pair successfully crowdsourced funds to study in mice the effects of an experimental compound in inhibiting prion activity in mice, thus delaying the onset of genetic prion disease. "We can’t afford to be wedded to any one idea. If it isn’t working, we have to move on."

“We want to know how relevant this compound will be to human genetic prion diseases. If the answer is ‘very,’ then we hope that the data from our study will help to speed [the compound’s] advancement,” Minikel said. 

But he and Vallabh aren’t limiting themselves to just one possible treatment. They periodically make month-long visits to the prion-research labs at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Hamilton, Montana, and the University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland, where they work as guest researchers to discover new approaches to treating prion diseases—from drugs to gene therapies to better ways of monitoring treatment efficacy in patients. 

“All interest us to the extent that they are promising. But we want to make sure there are lots of horses in the race. We can’t afford to be wedded to any one idea. If it isn’t working, we have to move on,” Vallabh said. 

Watts at the University of Toronto says a treatment for FFI is “far more likely to be discovered through the dedication and perseverance of people like Eric and Sonia.” As is the case for most rare diseases, he says, “big pharma isn’t exactly looking to invest money into a disease that affects so few people.” 

Still, Vallabh and Minikel know that progress depends on scientists’ willingness to openly share data and methodologies. That’s why they’ve made it a priority to build partnerships across government labs, private-sector companies, hospitals, and universities in the U.S. and abroad. They also speak regularly before audiences of hundreds at major medical meetings, encouraging scientists of various specialties, patients, advocates, and policymakers to join them in their quest. "It’s absolutely possible that a treatment will be developed in the next 10 to 20 years."

“A treatment for prion disease will require contributions from many—scientists with a range of expertise, who build on the shoulders of those who went before us; funders, both conventional and unconventional; doctors, who help identify patients and develop better diagnostics and way to measure disease progression,” Vallabh said. “And someday, helping hands on the policy side to quickly get a new treatment approved.” 

In the meantime, Vallabh remains hopeful that a breakthrough will happen in the years before her symptoms set in. 

“It’s absolutely possible that a treatment will be developed in the next 10 to 20 years. And yet day-to-day, it’s impossible to say which experiment, chance insight, or encounter that happens today will become the project that becomes the solution,” Vallabh said. 

“Our story is unfolding in real time. And while we’re optimists, we have no idea how it ends,” she added. 

This article originally appeared in : Insomnia That Kills | theatlantic.com | Aimee Swartz Feb 5 2015, 11:12 AM ET


READ MORE - Insomnia That Kills

Human or tiger: Who wins?

Who wins?.. The human wildlife conflict (HWC) comprehends a large range of species, and contributes to declining wildlife populations. The impact of wild animals on humans and their activities can promote a negative attitude toward wildlife, including retaliatory killing. This is particularly the case when large carnivores like tigers are involved. Quantifying the direct impact of HWC only without taking into consideration the indirect impact of HWC may lead to a wrong conclusion about how big the impact of HWC is for entire communities. To address the HWC, an understanding of its characteristics, the magnitude of the conflict, and the human dimensions of HWC need to be known.

Human or tiger: Who wins

Human or tiger: Who wins

In this study, conflicts between humans and the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) as a model species (human tiger conflict, HTC) were analysed to understand the human dimension and factors associated with the HTC. A semi-structured interview was conducted in West Sumatra, Indonesia among 128 respondents to collect data on the characteristics of the HTC, the impact associated with the HTC, the relative threat of the tiger to people’s income compared to other potentially harmful species, and the human dimension of HTC.

A total of 50 separate incidents of HTC were recorded over the past 40 years: 45 incidents on livestock depredations, and the other 5 incidents reported were fatal attacks on humans. Three broad categories of HTC were recorded: First, tiger attacks on livestock; in this case livestock are usually killed. The time for attacking livestock was usually at night. Second, tiger attacks on people; in such a situation, there is a high possibility that the person is killed by the tiger, or even if he/she could run away from the tiger, the victim usually suffered severe injuries. Third, the tiger approaches a village area; this situation happens either when the tiger coincidently passed the village area or when the tiger’s home range is close to the village area. All incidents on livestock depredations involved a large range of livestock sizes and were during the night, while attacks on humans occurred mostly during the day, when the victims carried out activities close to or within tiger habitat.

This study shows that calculating indirect impacts can explicitly explain the magnitude of the HTC in the community. In the case of human attacks, direct impacts seem to affect only 1.5% of the community members. Yet, by including indirect impacts too, over 98% of the community members were affected by HTC incidents. The analysis also showed that local people considered the damage caused by tigers not worse than those of several other potentially harmful animals. This suggests that studying human wildlife conflict should not only focus on the target species, but the impact of other potentially harmful species should be taken into consideration as well.

Furthermore, the analysis of the human dimension of HTC found that the emotions of people toward tigers are inversely correlated with their conservation attitude and their level of tolerance toward tiger. Key determinants explaining human dimension factors are impact perceived as a result of HTC the intensity of environmental educations in the village, field location and ethnicity. Frequency of HTC, knowledge and gender each seem to have only a small impact on shaping human dimension factors.

This study suggests that an integrated program combining environmental education, compensation for livestock and human losses, and community involvement to handle the HTC are recommended to improve local people’s tolerance for tigers. In the end it is not necessary to find who the winner between humans and tiger is. The most important is to find how human and tiger can coexist in certain landscape.

*Member of IUCN’s Commission on Education and Communication and also expert at Ministry of Environment and Forestry. She is the founder Wild Eye, an NGO in Indonesia that specialises in community engagement for conservation. She has Masters degree in Forest and Nature Conservation from Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

*Original title: Human or tiger: Who wins? Understanding key determinants and human dimensions of human tiger conflict in West Sumatra Indonesia

This article originally appeared in : Human or tiger: Who wins?.. | REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, By Erlinda Cahya Kartika and Ignas Heitkönig | Tuesday, 20 January 2015, 19:21 WIB


READ MORE - Human or tiger: Who wins?

Video Pemenggalan Kepala Sandera Jepang Oleh ISIS Beredar Luas!

Sebuah video diunggah ke internet yang diklaim menunjukkan pemenggalan sandera Jepang, Kenjo Goto, oleh kelompok yang menamakan diri Negara Islam atau ISIS. Video menunjukkan seorang pria beraksen Inggris memenggal kepala Goto.

Di video tertera pula simbol yang sama dengan simbol-simbol sejumlah video ISIS sebelumnya.

Pemerintah Jepang menyatakan sedang mencari tahu keaslian video, sementara Amerika Serikat mengecam keras tindakan kelompok militan tersebut.

Video Pemenggalan Kepala Sandera Jepang Oleh ISIS Beredar Luas
kompas.com

“Kami bekerja untuk mengukuhkan keaslian video. Amerika Serikat mengecam keras aksi ISIS dan kami menyerukan pembebasan segera semua sandera,” kata juru bicara Dewan Keamanan Nasional Bernadette Meehan.

Video itu muncul kurang dari seminggu setelah seorang warga negara Jepang, Haruna Yukawa, dipenggal.

Perundingan

Goto, 47 tahun, adalah seorang wartawan lepas terkenal dan pembuat film yang pergi ke Suriah Oktober lalu. Dilaporkan, ia pergi ke Suriah untuk membebaskan seorang warga Jepang lainnya, Haruna Yukawa.

Video yang diklaim menunjukkan pemenggalan Yukawa muncul kurang dari seminggu lalu.

Jepang, bekerja sama dengan Yordania, berusaha membebaskan Goto dan pilot Yordania, Mu'ath al-Kaseasbeh. Namun perundingan mencapai jalan buntu Sabtu (31/01) pagi.

Dalam pesan video Selasa lalu, ISIS menyatakan Goto hanya “mempunyai waktu hidup 24 jam” dan al-Kaseasbeh "bahkan lebih singkat".

Kelompok yang menyebut diri Negara Islam itu kemudian menentukan tenggat waktu saat matahari terbenam hari Kamis bagi pembebasan Goto dengan syarat Yordania membebaskan perempuan Irak, Sajida al-Rishawi, yang dijatuhi hukuman mati karena pengeboman di Amman pada 2005.

Tetapi perundingan mungkin menjadi rumit karena Yordania juga menuntut Kasasbeh dibebaskan.

Belakangan muncul kabar kelompok militan itu berhubungan lewat email dengan ibu Goto, yang mengeluarkan tuntutan terbuka agar putranya dibebaskan.

Semula ISIS menuntut pembayaran tebusan 200 juta dollar AS untuk pembebasan dua warga Jepang.





This article originally appeared in : Video Pemenggalan Kepala Sandera Jepang Oleh ISIS Beredar Luas! | Tribunmanado.com | Minggu, 1 Februari 2015 10:30 WITA


READ MORE - Video Pemenggalan Kepala Sandera Jepang Oleh ISIS Beredar Luas!

Charlie Hebdo; Freedom vs Violence

Tariq Ramadhan, a European Muslim scholar, once met Stephane Charbonnier, the editor of Charlie Hebdo, who was killed during the attack on January 7. Tariq, who was born in Geneva, Switzerland, is a professor in Oxford University. He is also a grandson of Hassan Al Banna, the founder of Ikhwanul Muslim. In his article in The Guardian, he explained his experience during debate with the cartoonist Charb. He respected Charb's freedom of expression, including rejecting any kind of censorship. However, Tariq reminded him that he had to be clear about the way he was using that right.

Tariq mentioned that Charlie Hebdo fired a cartoonist in 2008. The cartoonist made a joke about a Jewish link to President Sarkozy's son. "When it comes to freedom of expression, there are limits, not everything can be said. The double standard is troubling," Tariq said.

Tragedy. That's what happened in Charlie's office. 12 people died because of the attack, including a Muslim police, Ahmad Murabith. The terrorist attack attracted global attention. Sympathy towards the victims, including to Charlie, was immediately overflowing. Condemn towards terrorists and their savage behavior also emerged. Social media was also filled with hashtag #NotAfraid, #JeSuisCharlie, #JeSuisAhmed and also #JeNeSuisPasCharlie.


Charlie Hebdo; Freedom vs Violence

Among the hashtags, the one that appeared most was #JeSuisCharlie. The creator is Joachim Roncin who works for the French edition of Stylist. Roncin is a music and movie journalist. The hashtag was made an hour after the event. "I was so speechless," he said. However, the appearance of #JeSuisAhmed and #JeNeSuisPasCharlie was not without reason. They offered sympathy to the victims as well as condemn terrorism. But they didn't want to be identical with Charlie. They thought that the magazine insulted the belief and feeling of people. The magazine does not only make a parody of Islam and Prophet Muhammad PBUH, but also other religions, such as Christian and Catholic. It also ridicules Pope, the highest leader of Catholic, and others.

In this situation, Bill Donohue, President of the Catholic League stated that Muslims Are Right to Be Angry. Meanwhile, all Islamic leaders in the world, including Tariq, condemn terrorism act in Paris. However, almost every Muslim in the world cannot accept the insult from Charlie. The office has received several threats. It was even bombed. Therefore, France give special security for Charlie. Charb once said, "I have neither a wife nor children, not even a dog. But I'm not going to hide." Charb was a truly brave freedom believer. Charb forgot that Charlie's freedom violated someone's belief. It appeared in social media. A netizen, quoting Voltaire, said, "I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it."

US media chose not to republish the insulting cartoons. However, many media in European countries republished the cartoons, in the name of news. Some intentionally republished the image as a fight towards terror and any kinds of censorship. Besides freedom, European countries basically have the monolithic history. It is different from US which has been plural since the beginning, so is Indonesia. Plurality gives different feeling. There are sensitivity and tolerance.

We remember how a newspaper from Denmark, Jyllands Posten, in the name of freedom, published a chain of cartoons insulting Prophet Muhammad PBUH. It created protests and demonstrations everywhere in the world. However, Charlie continued to republish. The Jyllands Posten's cartoon killed 200 people. It is possible if someone said that people were not ready to have different opinion. It is possible to say that terrorism is insulting the Prophet more than they do, including Charlie.

Such discussion emerged in coffee stall. In social media, it is like continuous line, even harder. They are insulting each others. Never ending debate between liberalism and fundamentalism. Every thinker must discuss the matter beyond the surface. A Slovenian philosopher, Slavoj Zizek, in his article in NewStatesman, said, "It is the right moment to gather the courage to think." Zizek pointed out liberalism. He asked, "So what about the core values of liberalism: freedom, equality, etc?". He criticized Liberalists. He ended his article by quoting Max Horkheimer: Those who do not want to talk critically about capitalism should also keep quiet about Fascism. Zizek applied the statement to today's fundamentalism: those who do not want to talk critically about liberal democracy should also keep quiet about religious fundamentalism.

British sociologist, Anthony Giddens, reminded the rise of fundamentalism, not only religious fundamentalism but also gender and ecology fundamentalism. In his book, he recorded that fundamentalism appeared in late 1950s in Oxford dictionary. It is relatively new. "Fundamentalism is the use of ritual truth to deny dialogue actively and therefore isn't limited to the area of religion. Fundamentalism is dangerous because it is always edged with the possibility of violence." However, Giddens does not only condemn fundamentalism. He also said, just like Zizek, "Enlightenment has run out the energy. What we need is a new enlightenment. We live in damaged world which need radical improvement."

The modern era is born from Enlightenment in Europe during Medieval, which adopts enlightenment in Islamic civilization. Giddens said that we needed new enlightenment. "Radical politics cannot be satisfied with radical neoliberal." Yes. Neoliberal praises market power and individualism, just like what Charb thought.

It is time for the East to shine the West. We reject insulting, degrading and humiliating freedom. If the contrary, like Zizek said, they don't have the right to criticize religious fundamentalism because they never understand. Global civilization is mutual, not one way. There are dialogue and openness. There is intercultural equality, not like a story of Robinson Crusoe who sees civilization outside the West must be conquered. We have to respect each other, trust each other and be tolerance. That is the healthy press in the new era, an era when every culture interacts peacefully and equally.

This article originally appeared in : Charlie Hebdo; Freedom vs Violence | republkka.co.id | By: Nasihin Masha | Wednesday, 28 January 2015, 15:34 WIB


READ MORE - Charlie Hebdo; Freedom vs Violence

Who is Saudi Arabia's new King Salman?

After the death of King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia quickly announced that one of his younger brothers, Crown Prince Salman, was succeeding him.

The man taking control of the world's top oil exporter is well established in the Gulf kingdom's corridors of power.

Salman, 79, is "a stalwart of the royal family" who is "viewed as a pragmatic and cautious reformer, much like his predecessor," says CNN's Becky Anderson in Abu Dhabi.

He has served as defense minister and deputy prime minister of Saudi Arabia, a vital U.S. ally in the Middle East, for years. Like Abdullah, he's one of the dozens of sons of Saudi Arabia's founder, King Abdulaziz.

Here are some of the key points about the new ruler.

He's an experienced leader

Salman was governor of the Saudi capital, Riyadh, for nearly five decades during a period of significant change.

"When he became governor in 1963, Riyadh had 200,000 inhabitants — today it has more than seven million," Bruce Riedel, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution's Center for Middle East Policy, said in a commentary. "Salman presided over this remarkable transformation with a record for good governance and a lack of corruption." 

Who is Saudi Arabia's new King Salman?
Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud, who is succeeding his older brother as king of Saudi Arabia, speaking at an event in May 2014.

"He had to be a combination ... of a reformer, of a judge, a jury in some cases, and deal with dissent, as well as dealing with economic issues," Robert Jordan, a former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia, told CNN. "So I think he's well prepared for the task at hand."

Salman's experience running Riyadh also involved keeping many of the numerous members of the Saudi royal family in line.

"Since most of the royal princes and princesses live in Riyadh, he was also the family sheriff, ensuring any transgressions were dealt with smoothly and quietly, with no publicity," said Riedel, who worked for the CIA for 30 years.

His national roles have since brought him wider responsibility.

Salman "has been chairing cabinet meetings for several months and handling almost all foreign travel responsibilities for the monarchy since he became the heir in 2012," Riedel said.

He's unlikely to rock the boat

Salman's ascension to the throne is in line with the appointments put in place by Abdullah before his death.

"I think that you'll see a continuation -- very similar policies, very similar dynamics unfolding," said James Zogby, president of the Arab American Institute. "The kingdom is modernizing; it's changing, it's reforming and it will continue to do so over the next several decades." 

Riedel says the royal family "values family collegiality and harmony highly." 

"The two previous Saudi kingdoms in the 18th and 19th centuries were wracked by internal family squabbles, which their foreign enemies exploited," he explains. "With the Arab world facing its worst crisis in decades, the royals will want to present an image of stability and strength."

There are concerns about his health

Salman is one of Abdullah's younger brothers. But at 79, he's not particularly young.

There are unconfirmed reports that he may have various health problems. But with Saudi Arabian media tightly controlled by the state, nobody's really sure what his condition is.

Riedel says Salman has had a stroke, Simon Henderson of the Washington Institute says the new king's brain is "ravaged by dementia," and The Economist reports he's believed to be suffering from Alzheimer's. 

"Reports do differ sharply over just how ill Prince Salman really is -- and medical reports on the illnesses of the Saudi royal family can be grossly inaccurate," cautioned Anthony H. Cordesman, a Middle East expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Salman's schedule of official meetings suggests a degree of health. But Henderson isn't convinced it proves he's highly capable.

"The fact that Salman appears in public at all is attributed to his determination to become king -- or, more likely, the ambition of his closest relatives that he should do so," he wrote last month.

He has a successor waiting in the wings

Salman's first order after assuming the throne was to appoint his youngest brother, Prince Muqrin, as the new crown prince.

Analysts see that appointment as an effort to ensure future stability. Abdullah had named Muqrin as deputy crown prince in March.

At 69 years old, Muqrin is relatively youthful. A former head of intelligence for the kingdom, he is also reportedly well-liked by world leaders.

Muqrin "has been closely linked to Abdullah and his policies of modernization and reform," according to Cordesman.

But the succession plan isn't without its critics. Muqrin's mother does not have royal blood, which is a sticking point for some people in Saudi Arabia.

His sons include an astronaut and a fighter pilot

Several of Salman's sons also hold prominent positions.

They include Prince Sultan, who in the 1980s became the first Muslim astronaut and is now the president of Saudi Arabia's tourism authority; Prince Abdulaziz, the deputy oil minister; and Prince Faisal, the governor of the Medina region.

Another son, Prince Khaled, was reportedly among the pilots who carried out the first airstrikes on ISIS positions in Syria last year.

Details about Salman's earlier life and upbringing weren't immediately available Friday. But an official biography contained one nugget about his youth: he had apparently memorized the Quran by the age of 10, it said.  ( CNN's Dana Ford contributed to this report ).

This article originally appeared in : Who is Saudi Arabia's new King Salman? | cnn | By Jethro Mullen | Updated 1025 GMT (1825 HKT) January 23, 2015


READ MORE - Who is Saudi Arabia's new King Salman?
Accident Acting Adele Adolf Hitler Air Susu Ibu Aisha Gaddafi Albert Einstein Alicia Keys Alien Amanda Knox American Idol Amitabh Bachchan Amy Winehouse Angelina Jolie Animal Anna Chapman Anti Islam Apple Archeology Arnold Schwarzenegger Artist Aung San Suu Kyi Autism Avatar Barack Obama Bencana Alam Berpelukan Biography Blake Fielder Blog Bollywood Bon Jovi Brad Pitt Britney Spears Brittany Murphy Bruce Willis Bryan Adams Buah - Buahan Budaya Cameron Diaz Carla Bruni Celebration Celebrity Cell Phone Charlie Sheen Computer Conspiracy Credit Card Criminal Cristiano Ronaldo David Cameron David Walliams Demi Moore Depression Diet Dinosaurs Disaster Discovery Economic Elin Nordegren Elton John Elvis Presley Evolution Facebook Famous Farrah Fawcett Fashion Fenomena Fidel Castro Film Finance Fisikologi Anak Frank Sinatra Games Gary Lineker Global Warming Grammy Awards Haji Halle Berry Health Helena Christensen History Hoaxes Holiday Hollywood Home Hugo Chavez Humanity Humor Ibadah Ramadhan iChildren Innocence of Muslims Insomnia Insurance Internet Irina Shayk Isaac Newton James Franco Janet Jackson Javier Bardem Jennifer Aniston Jennifer Lopez Jermaine Jackson Jesus Jewelry Jhon Terry Joaquin Phoenix John Lennon John Prescott Jokowi Journalism Julia Roberts Justin Bieber Karina Smirnoff Kate Middleton Katherine Heigl Kehamilan Kendra Wilkinson Kesehatan Payudara Kesehatan Rambut Kiamat Kim Kardashian King Abdullah King Abdullah II King Salman Korupsi Indonesia Lady Diana Lady GaGa Law Lee DeWyze Legend Leonardo DiCaprio Lifestyle Lindsay Lohan Lionel Messi Madonna Margaret Thatcher Mariah Carey Marilyn Monroe Mario Balotelli Mark Zuckerberg Marriage Mel Gibson Michael Jackson Michelle Obama Mick Foley Mike Tyson Miley Cyrus Miranda Kerr Miss Universe Mistery Mitos dan Fakta Moammar Gadhafi Modelling Mona Lisa Money Mothers Music Mystery Naomi Watts Nelly Furtado News Nia Sanchez Nicolas Cage No Smoking Nuclear Obat - Obatan Olivia Newton-John's Oprah Winfrey Orang Kantoran Oscars Pamela Anderson Parent Paris Hilton Pasangan Hidup Patricia Neal Pejabat Pendidikan Penelope Cruz Performers Permainan Anak Personality Photo Pippa Middleton Pisikologi Remaja Politics Pollution Prince Felipe Prince George Prince Harry Prince Philip Prince Salman Prince William Princess Princess Diana Princess Lilian Princess Victoria Producer Produk Kecantikan Queen Elizabeth Relationships Religion Ri Sul-Ju Ricky Martin Rihanna Rokok Royal Family Salma Hayek Sandra Bullock Sarah Palin Scandal Science Scientists Selena Gomez Sepak Bola Serena Williams Shah Rukh Khan Sharon Stone Simon Cowell Songwriter Sophie Reade Space Spiritual Sport Storm Stress Suami Isteri Super Bowl Sylvester Stallone Taylor Swift's Technology Television Teroris Tiger Woods Tips and Tricks Tips Kesehatan Tips Komputer Tips Pria Tom Cruise Tony Curtis Top 10 Travel Van Halen Vatican Victoria Beckham Wag Wedding Whitney Houston Woman World Cup Yahudi Yoga Zsa Zsa Gabor